The Envoutement of King Duffus



Operations of sorcery against the men. - appalling Diseases. -
Envoûtement. - The fever of King Duffus, The Guichard bishop, The
Reine Blanche and his/her Jeanne daughter. - Envoûtement at the
court of France to XVIème century. 

extracted from: ""

While following the practices of sorcery according to the ascending scale of the beings, we arrive of the elements at the matter, the matter to the animal, the animal to the man, and we find the magician operative on his similar and, in last analysis, on itself; in other words, the wizard bewitches the others and also finishes leave ' to bewitch. Here still we will follow it step by step through its dark practical. 

When the wizard acts on the others or for the others, it is, in general, to harm or be useful of guilty passions, and in that it differs primarily from the enchantor and even from the magician, such as the latter is presented by the Eastern beliefs, yes by the oldest poems chevaleresques, because in these poems, as in these beliefs, the magician makes more volontiersle although evil, and one can take it without scruple for a scientist or wise. As for the wizard it is always and everywhere, in its relationship with its similar, the man we higher saw making a pact with the devil; it is always a being, fundamentally malicious, one will judge some by what follows. 

Like the gods of the hell, pagan, the wizard cannot be emotional and for, to be avenged for its enemies, to sometimes even torment by pleasure those which make him desire, it strikes them appalling diseases. M of Saint-Andrew speaks about a girl bewitched, who, after having lost the movement and breathing, vomits, during several months, of the egg hulls, glass, the shells, the nails of wheels of carriage, the knives, the needles and the balls of wire. Others vomitted toads of the snakes, owls; some- times the wizard ordered with the devil itself entrer' in the body of the victim, and then, one saw occurring, by the effect of the evil spell, all the phenomena of the possession. Bewitched which, carried in them another being, was diverted company of the men to exile itself in the cemeteries, and until in the tombs. 

Their figure had the color of the cedar; their eyes rouges' as trim, left the orbits; their language, rolled like a horn, hung on their chin, and the contactet the sight of the holy things, produced on them the same effect as water on the hydrophobic subjects. Medicine, was impotent, with, to cure, and they often died as suffocated by the devil. 

One sent also the illness and death, is to the people with whom one could commun- icate is with those which were at long distances, using wax figures, made with their image; this kind of evil spell, known, with the Middle Ages under the name of en- voussure or of envoûtement, often was practised, mainly against the large charac- ters. After, having baptized, named and equipped the figure which was used for envoûtement, one struck it, one wounded it more or less extremely, one threw it to water, one burned it, one buried it, one hung it, one choked it, and all tortures to which it was subjected repeated on the bodies of the alive ones. Sometimes, when one wanted to make die in small envoussé fire one inserted in the statuette, where they were left fixed at residence, of the very acute pins, so that the unhappy one constant- ly smelled in its flesh the fatal point. 

businesses of envoûtement are very numerous with the Middle Ages, and even at a time brought closer us enough; they are more widespread in all Europe. One told in Scotland that king Duffus having been attacked suddenly of a fever, extreme and continual sweats, of which nothing could calm the heat or decrease abundance, the doctors declared that their art was impotent, and that without any Duffus doubt was bewitched. The sergeants and the magistrates are reflected in search and found two women of a fort bad reputation, who made strange ceremonies, on a small statuette, of wax which they heated with a large fire. The women, led in prison, acknowledged that they had, envoûté the king, and that it was they which had caused the fever and sweats; the doctors then ordered to place the statuette in a fresh place. The command was carried out. At once the king ceased sweating and was not long in being restored. 

The first years of XIVe century offered a famous lawsuit of envoûtement, and this lawsuit all the more made, noise that the defendant was a high-ranking dignitary of the Church, Guichard, bishop of Troyes  that the people had called the son of incubates. The queen, White of Navarre, having died in 1304, and his/her Jeanne daughter having followed it, close, in there falls, at the age of trente-trois years, Guichard. Perish these two princess S by magic work was shown to have made, One informed her lawsuit; and here what one reads in the bill of indictment: The Guichard bishop carried a hatred mortal to the Jeanne queen and his mother because it was with their -continuation which it had been driven out of the consulting of Roi.s' was praised to make them:mourir and had joined to this end a witch, a inspiritée woman, and a monk Jacobin; they had all three evoked the devil and the questioned devil had answered. that it failed to make a wax image, resembling to the queen, to baptize it, give him the names of this princess, to approach it, of fire, to prick it with a needle with the neck and the tète; that there, queen then would start badly to go, and that she would die at once that the wax seraitfondue;d' after this consulting of the devil, Guichard made the image and jointly baptized it with the Jacobin, in the Sainte-Flavy hermitage; it dissolved there the image and at once the queen died. 

Many witnesses were questioned, inter alia the hermit of Saint-Flavy, who confirmed the facts; the bishop was condemned, but the character of which it was covered saved it last torment, and it remained in prison until 1313, time to which its innocence was recognized. About same time, charges of Sorcery were as, one knows, carried it against the templiers, but less happy as the bishop Guichard, they expièrent on roughing-hew it the crimes, for the majority imaginary, of which one had charged them. 

In XVIè, century, the fashion of the envoûtements became completely popular, One often knows that the duchess of Montpensier employed, this evil spell against Henri III. and that it resorted to the dagger of Jacques Clément only after having recogniz- ed uselessness of it. Catherine de Médicis, who sponsored all the madnesses and all the scélératesses, was useful herself also several times of envoûtement, while fear- ing for itself her terrible effects, and when the Mole and Coconas were delivered to the last torment, it was shown extremely worries to know if they had envoûtée it it is only indeed  moment when the effectiveness of this practice was allowed, there was no more, security, even within the absolute power, and keeps it barriers of the Louvre did not defend the kings of them.



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